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Friday, July 31, 2020 | History

2 edition of use of animals in medical research and testing found in the catalog.

use of animals in medical research and testing

United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science and Technology. Subcommittee on Science, Research, and Technology.

use of animals in medical research and testing

hearings before the Subcommittee on Science, Research, and Technology of the Committee on Science and Technology, U.S. House of Representatives, Ninety-seventh Congress, first session, October 13, 14, 1981.

by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science and Technology. Subcommittee on Science, Research, and Technology.

  • 133 Want to read
  • 22 Currently reading

Published by U.S. G.P.O. in Washington .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Laboratory animals -- United States.,
  • Medicine -- Research -- United States.

  • The Physical Object
    Paginationiv, 747 p. :
    Number of Pages747
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL17798989M

    One of their strongest arguments is that medical research saves millions of lives each year. Because of testing on animals, they argue, medical workers around the world could find cures to HIV/AIDS, cancer, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, and many other non-curable diseases as of the moment.   Research Paper on Medical Testing on Animals August 2, UsefulResearchPapers Research Papers 0 Medical testing on animals is a generic term for the use in the research, testing substances and products in education and training purposes as well as in the diagnosis of diseases and production of biological products.

      Animal testing is so not good!! Animals have feelings just like us. In addition, scientists are working on new technologies for medical research as an alternative to animal testing. There are organ chips that already exist of the lung, heart and kidneys. the diseased or . A balanced, accessible discussion of whether and on what grounds animal research can be ethically justified. An estimated million nonhuman vertebrates worldwide—including primates, dogs, cats, rabbits, hamsters, birds, rats, and mice—are bred, captured, or otherwise acquired every year for research purposes. Much of this research is seriously detrimental to the welfare of these animals.

    Historical Perspectives. A wonderful book entitled Cattle, Priests and Progress by Calvin W. Schwabe, D.V.M., M.P.H., Sc.D. is a fascinating and wonderful description of the evolution of medicine and especially veterinary medicine. The following shares a few of the ideas provided by Dr. Schwabe. The idea of stewardship of animals developed in ancient times, as early humans domesticated animals.   The long fight against animal testing This article is more than 10 years old. Peter Tatchell. The use of animals in medical research is increasing at its fastest rate since We must find a.


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Use of animals in medical research and testing by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science and Technology. Subcommittee on Science, Research, and Technology. Download PDF EPUB FB2

"Why Animal Experimentation Matters" invites a wide audience to learn about animal use of animals in medical research and testing book. Although it is a scholarly treatise on the use of animals for biomedical purposes, it is written in a manner that enables those unfamiliar with science and ethics to appreciate the issue/5(6).

Animals are sometimes used in the testing of drugs, vaccines and other biologics, and medical devices, mainly to determine the safety of the medical product.

For drugs and biologics, the focus of. The pros and cons of animal research will always be controversial. Testing animals to see if a product is safe may be better than testing humans first, but that also means the life of an animal is devalued.

On the other hand, more animals are butchered for food every year than are used in animal experimentation, so the ethics of life value are.

Animal experimentation has made a crucial contribution to many of the most important advances in modern medicine. The development of vaccines for deadly viruses like rabies and yellow fever depended upon animal research, and much of our basic knowledge about human health and physiology was discovered through the use of animals as well.

Inspite of these gains, animal rights activists have been 1/5(1). The use of animals in scientific research has been a controversial issue for well over a hundred years.

The basic problem can be stated quite simply: Research with animals has saved human lives, lessened human suffering, and advanced scientific understanding, yet that same research can cause pain and distress for the animals involved and usually results in their death.

In2 million animals were used for research purposes Included in this are 2 million animals used in animal testing andused for organ extraction The number of animals needed for research purposes corresponds to 0 35% of all mil-lion animals used in Germany – this small percentage is essential for gain.

Simple Summary. This article reviews the use of non-human animals in biomedical research from a historical viewpoint, providing an insight into the most relevant social and moral issues on this topic across time, as well as to how the current paradigm for ethically and publically acceptable use of animals in biomedicine has been by: Human beings use animals for a wide variety of purposes, including research.

The approximately million people in the United States keep about million dogs and cats as pets. More than 5 billion animals are killed in the United States each year as a source of food. Animals are used for. OTA Project Staff Alternatives to Animal Use in Research, Testing, and Education Roger C.

Herdman,Assistant Director, OTA Health and Life Sciences Division Gretchen S. Kolsrud,Biological Applications Program Manager Gary B. Ellis, Project Directorand Analyst Judy K. Kosovich, Principal Analyst Lisa J. Raines, Legal Analyst Timothy J. Hart, ProjectDirector l. Why Animal Experimentation Matters: The Use of Animals in Medical Research This thought-provoking book comes out of the Social Philosophy and Policy Foundation, an Author: Judith K.

Blackshaw. With an estimated million animals used in laboratories annually in the United States, public interest in animal welfare has sparked an often emotional debate over such uses of animals. Concerns focus on balancing societal needs for continued progress in biomedical and behavioral research, for toxicity testing to safeguard the public, and for education in the life sciences with desires to.

Ray Greek, president of Americans for Medical Advancement, a group that seeks to restrict the use of animals in medical research, is among those questioning the efficacy of animal models.

See, for example, “Animals in Research” by the Council of Scientific Affairs, American Medical Society, pp. in Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol. (June 23/30, ), and The Use of Animals in Biomedical Research and Testing by the Foundation for Biomedical Research (Washington, D.C.: Foundation for Biomedical.

"Why Animal Experimentation Matters" invites a wide audience to learn about animal research. Although it is a scholarly treatise on the use of animals for biomedical purposes, it is written in a manner that enables those unfamiliar with science and ethics to appreciate the issue.3/5.

Historical Impact of Animal Experimentation Proponents of animal experimentation (tests, experiments and «educational» exercises involving harm to animals) claim that it has played a crucial role in virtually all medical advances.5,6 However, several medical historians argue that key discoveries inFile Size: KB.

The use of animals is very common in medical research. These organisms range from mammals such as chimpanzees, mice, and rats to non-mammals such as worms, flies, and yeast. The first reason that we use animals in medical research is somehow common sense.

We can’t just take people and run experiments on them!. Think of a scenario of a brain 4/5(3). The use of animals in research, testing, and education is a privilege carrying with it unique professional, scientific, and moral obligations, and ethical responsibilities.

The AVMA encourages proper stewardship of all animals, and supports the judicious use of animals in. Five key terms identify the fields or activities that relate to the care and use of animals in research, education, and testing. Animal experimentation refers to the scientific study of animals, usually in a laboratory, for the purpose of gaining new biological knowledge or solving specific medical, veterinary medical, dental, or biological problems.

At the same time, more and more pro-testing groups that support the humane use of animals in research have been forming – these proponents argue and recognize the essential role that animal research has played in medical advancements and breakthroughs throughout the years.

Imagine for a second, a world where animal research is banned. Animal testing, also known as animal experimentation, animal research and in vivo testing, is the use of non-human animals in experiments that seek to control the variables that affect the behavior or biological system under approach can be contrasted with field studies in which animals are observed in their natural environments or ption: Around 50– million vertebrate animals.

Presents the text for the "U.S. Government Principles for the Utilization and Care of Vertebrate Animals Used in Testing, Research and Training" as well as the "Health Research Extension Act of " (Public Law"Animals in Research," Novem ), which provides the statutory mandate for the PHS Policy.

publication.The use of animals in medical research is an issue on which there are many differing views, and opinions can change with knowledge and experience. In order to make up your own mind it is important to understand all aspects of the debate. Inover 80 bioscience organisations signed a Concordat committing to sharing more information on the File Size: 1MB.Harvard’s Wyss Institute has created “organs-on-chips” that contain human cells grown in a state-of-the-art system to mimic the structure and function of human organs and organ systems.

The chips can be used instead of animals in disease research, drug testing, and toxicity testing and have been shown to replicate human physiology, diseases, and drug responses more accurately than crude.